Hindi is a nationally spoken language in India. However, there are several regional languages that are woven around Hindi. One can survive anywhere in India if he knows Hindi well except in some parts of South India. As we know, South India consists of five major states namely Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. Out of these states, one can find Hindi speaking population in many parts of Karnataka and Telangana but the other three states are not much versed in Hindi. Hindi brings rich culture and it also has many layers in its spoken version.
If you take a single state in Maharashtra, you will find spoken Hindi in different accents and even sentence formation. A well-known version of spoken Hindi is from Mumbai, thanks to the movies. Luck now has its style of Hindi and Varanasi has its. To sum up we can say there is a huge diversity of a single language which is widely spoken across the country. At the school level, studying NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi along with textbooks will generously help a student to score good grades. Like other languages, Hindi also has seen many great writers and poets like Munshi Premchand.
Chapter wise summary: –
Chapter 1 – ध्वनि (कविता) – सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी ‘निराला’:
This poem is written by “Nirala’, Surya Kant Tripathi who is well-known for his depiction of the beauty of nature in his writing. The poem explains how nature metaphor for human emotions. The beautiful spring indicates the youth of human life and the buds of flowers are used to describe the unhappy people in the world. He also explains how the sun brings the light of happiness to people. The poet has used free and non-rhyming verses in this short poem.
Chapter 2 – लाख की चडियाँ (कहानी) – कामतानाथ:
This story is about the author’s childhood when he used to visit his uncle’s place. He was very fond of bangles made from a particular material and like all villagers he used to call his ‘Mama’ as ‘Kaka’. This is a story of a bangle maker Badlu who used to make lakhs of glass bangles and sell them. From this chapter, the students will understand how modernization created a lot of socio-economical issues for handicraft workers.
Chapter 3 – बस की यात्रा (व्यंग्य) – हरिशंकर परसाई:
This chapter is written by Harishankar Parsai and it is about travel. The story narrates how corporation makes gross transportation mistakes and the effect of them on common people. The bus was in very poor condition and hence travelers faced a lot of problems. Finally, the author and his friends accepted the situation and decided to remain hopeful and enjoyed the rest of the travel.
Chapter 4 – दीवानों की हस्ती (कविता) – भगवतीचरण शर्मा:
This poem by Bhagwati Charan Verma is from the pre-independence period when India was under British rule. The people who are nonchalant and spread happiness wherever they go are tagged as “Deewane”. These people were heart-touching and made life bearable for the sufferers of British cruelty. The poet compares these types of people with poets who are not having desires like the rest of the world has. The poem will tell students how good-hearted persons can spread happiness and kindness everywhere. The poem messages the students to be like these people.
Chapter 5 – चिट्ठियों की अनूठी दुनिया (निबंध) – अरविंद कुमार सिंह:
This chapter is an essay written by Arvind Kumar Singh and is about the importance of letters in one’s life. The students will feel the attachment of the writer with the letters which are not only a communication medium but engulfed with a lot of emotions too. Today’s students will not understand as the modes of communication are fast changing digitally. This essay will take students to the old era where letters were of prime importance.
Chapter 6 – भगवान के डाकिए (कविता) – रामधारी सिंह दिनकर:
This beautiful poem by famous Ramdhari Singh Dinkar compares the birds and clouds to postmen. The poet says these two are the postmen of God and quietly pass his messages to the people. The birds migrate taking the message of nature to the other part of the world and clouds pass the message in the form of rain. The students will understand how these messages are not understood by humans but water, mountains, trees, and plants understand them very well. The poem will also explain how there is no discrimination in nature as all get nature’s gifts equally.
Chapter 7 – क्या निराश हुआ जाए ( निबंध) – हजारी प्रसाद द्विवेदी:
This chapter states about the human nature of getting depressed and disappointed now and then. The author states that one must not bog down in any critical situation and try keeping his mind focused. Every person gets cheated some time in life and it is unavoidable. He sets his example of how he went through a similar situation but stayed strong to come out of it.
Chapter 8 – यह सबसे कठिन समय नहीं (कविता ) – जया जादवानी:
This is a poem written by Jaya Jadvani. The poem speaks about not losing hope in the darkest time of life. She compares the relentless work birds do to build their nests despite all the problems. The students can learn to be optimistic and never lose focus on the work at hand. Like people return to their homes from tiresome jobs but to see their family happy. This makes him work more for them and that much simple life is. The title of the poem says it all encouraging you to hang on without losing hope.
Chapter 9 – कबीर की साखियाँ – कबीर:
In this chapter written by Kabirdas, students will learn how to read a person in the right way. A person must be judged by their intrinsic qualities and not by what he looks like. He teaches us to avoid aggravation by paying no attention if someone abuses us. He tells the student to pray to God with a focused mind because that is the only way to get his attention. Cast or religion is not greater than the qualities of the person and not getting suppressed is an indicator of mental toughness.
Chapter 10 – कामचोर (कहानी) – इस्मत चुगताई:
This chapter underlines the importance of doing every work within the time else it will lead to laziness. It states that lazy children must be shown the right direction or path. In this story, all the children in a joint family get everything ready and hence they become lazy. When their father tries to make them do work in time, they create a ruckus in the home leading to family problems. The story gives a message to a student to take responsibility and own the work.
Chapter 11 – जब सिनेमा ने बोलना सीखा – प्रदीप तिवारी:
This chapter narrates the first Indian talkie ‘Alam Ara’ made in 1931. This movie is a turnaround in Indian cinema. The movie was made by Ardeshir M. Irani. He was impressed by the 1929 Hollywood movie ‘Show Boat’. This movie broke the barriers and became a pioneer of following Indian cinema. The first time, the speech and songs were shot with background music.
Chapter 12 – सुदामा चरित ( कविता ) – नरोत्तमदास:
This well-known friendship story of Lord Krishna and his poor friend Sudama is compiled in the form of couplets. As we know the story already, it is the structure of the poem which can attract the students. The story mentions the condition of Sudama and his meeting with Lord Krishna. His depression while returning from Dwarka to his place is beautifully written. The poem, however, tells at the end that peace is a condition of mind and it does not come with outer matters.
Chapter 13 – जहाँ पहिया है ( रिपोर्ताज) – पी. साईनाथ (अनु.):
Social reform, evolution, and transformation are the key to the growth of the country. Another important factor is women’s empowerment which is taking speed now. This chapter tells the story of a small district, Pudukottai in Tamil Nadu. The narrator says that the women of this district are seen riding a bicycle and helping their homes to be self-reliant and self-sufficient. The students will understand the importance of women’s empowerment from this chapter.
Chapter 14 – अकबरी लोटा ( कहानी ) – अन्नपूर्णानंद वर्मा:
This funny story narrates how Lala Jhaulal sold the old lota for five hundred rupees with the presence of mind to an Englishman. The story has a small summary but is explained in an interesting manner. It tells about Lala who earned hundred rupees a month through his shops. He used to spend those drinking and buying good clothes. He was even unable to give his wife two fifty rupees she asked for. It happened one day that his wife gave him water in a lota for drinking instead of a glass. Incidentally, that fell at the feet of an Englishman standing below near the shop. This chapter tells the student to use the right understanding at a crucial time.
Chapter 15 – सूरदास के पद ( कविता ) – सूरदास:
This is a short poem of two stanzas. At first, little Krishna is lured by his mother to drink milk regularly saying his hair will grow fast. However, following what his mother says when he does not observe significant growth in hair he complains to his mother. In the second stanza, the milkwoman often complains to Krishna’s mother about his mischief of consuming all the butter.
Chapter 16 – पानी की कहानी ( निबंध) – रामचंद्र तिवारी:
This prose is a nice piece of literature written by Ramachandra Tiwari. This explains the formation of clouds via seawater dewdrops. The clouds lead to rain and several streams are again flown to the river returning to the sea. This natural cycle will enable students to understand because of simple language. However, this scientific fact is explained in a very interesting manner in the form of a story hence the title ‘Paani ki Kahani’.
Chapter 17 – बाज और साँप ( कहानी ) – निर्मल वर्मा:
This chapter is a fictional tale narrated by Nirmal Verma which explains how the nature of different animals varies with their nature. The chapter tells the students about an eagle who despite being injured tries to fly and not rest. The snake thinks this behavior of the eagle is silly.
Chapter 18 – टोपी ( कहानी ) – सृंजय:
This chapter is written by Sanjay who has highlighted the social problems through this folktale. The story discusses the relations of the people with the ruling class. The writer has taken a small sparrow’s fight as an indication to tell the students to live with determination and effort. The story explains how even a small sparrow is empowered to bring forward the mistake of a powerful king. The story also highlights the issues of wages which is the right of a hard worker.
Scope for Hindi: –
Students and their parents might think that there is no career if they complete graduation in Hindi but that is not true. There are job opportunities and career possibilities for whichever graduation you do. Renowned writers like Munshi Premchand and Ramdhari Singh Dinkar have taken Hindi to a great level and their creations are still followed by readers. We have learned their literature as a part of the school Hindi syllabus very often.
Hindi is also among the 3rd most spoken languages globally, with around 425 people having Hindi as their first language and 120 million who speak Hindi as their second. Thus Hindi can also be a secured and successful career path by learning through NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi. Let us summarize what the opportunities are –
- Screen Writer – For years, the Bollywood industry had a demand for talented screenwriters. Today the segment of the OTT platform is also on the verge of growth. Apart from the entertainment industry, screenwriters are also sought by ad agencies, film, television, and news media houses.
- Rajbhasha Officer – Rajbhasha officers are mostly appointed in nationalized banking institutes. Their role is to promote the official language in day-to-day operations. They have to translate several official documents too.
- Translator or Interpreter – Translators need to do more paperwork while interpreter needs to involve in the conversation of two persons with foreign languages. For both jobs, a person must be well versed in both languages. Most national leaders need an interpreter for better communication so the opportunity in the government sector is widely open.
- Hindi Typist/Hindi Stenographer – Most states run their offices in Hindi and this is the reason for the high demand for Hindi typists and stenographers in the government sector.
- Academics – Vocation in Hindi can give you an opportunity to be a teacher/lecturer provided you have the required skill. A good teacher/lecturer can help students understand the language easily and the best teacher/lecturer can harness a whole generation.
- Journalism – A journalism course can open a lot of opportunities such as an anchor, news writer, news editor, and reporter. Journalists have huge growth potential as they work for radio channels, digital news media, newspapers, magazines, and news channels.
- Speechwriters – A good command of language can help to build a compelling speech that can influence the audience. Speechwriters can work in ad agencies, the government sector, or corporates.
- Content Writer/Editor – A specific content writer writes blogs, social media copies, or marketing copies. A person with a degree in Hindi or mass communication can have a bright career in this field.
- Voice-over Artist – Voice-over artists are in demand for movies, podcasts, radio stations, and advertisements so one with a good voice and flair for speaking can opt for this career.
- Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) – As today e-learning is of paramount importance, one can assist the new-age start-up in tech and design the Hindi curriculum for digital platforms. The forms of presentations in video, audio, and text can be enjoyable for the children.
- Novelist/Writers/Poets – As we know, this category has no bounds, limits, or restrictions on the topics. A well-educated person can express his thoughts through a well-formed story, poem, or content.
Sources for NCERT Solutions: –
- The students can avail of the solutions from a nearby book store.
- The download in PDF format is possible from the official website of NCERT.
- The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi can be also availed of with the help of schools.
- A lot of other educational websites contain the study material online so students can access them and take down the notes.
- Many e-commerce websites also have a provision to order the solution books online.
Importance of Hindi: –
In India, the importance of Hind needs no elaboration. The whole nation is aware of the values of learning Hindi that can help students to establish themselves as a good person. One may think Hindi can help them only in India but the fact is Hindi has spoken in many other countries apart from India. Every language has two sides, a rough and a smooth (one can call it as grammatically correct and otherwise). As has happened with every language in India, Hindi has, too, suffered the deviation concerning the spoken version.
Each person makes it in his way and the goal is to make understand the person listening but, rightly, it is not the correct way of Hindi. Hindi is a very genuine language and can be expressed in whatever way one feels. However, if students learn it at school levels through textbooks and NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi, they will know which Hindi is the right one.
Interesting facts about Hindi: –
- Hindi is an Indo-European language and the language was standardized in the 19th century. Hindi and Urdu are considered two forms of Hindustani.
- Hindi is spoken by 366 million people in the world.
- English has borrowed a lot of words from Hindi like Guru, Bandana, Bangala (bungalow), Jungle, Khaki, Karma, Avatar, and many others.
- Each letter has its independent and distinct sound.
- Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14th September.
- Modern Devanagari script came into existence in the 11th century.
- In making Hindi a Rajbhasha many renowned writers like Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Seth Govinddas, and Hazari Prasad Dwivedi.
- 26 new Indian English words derived from Hindi were included in Oxford Dictionary.
- Bihar was the state to adopt Hindi.
- In 1954, the Indian Government called upon a committee to form the Hindi grammar when it was made the official language.
- Out of India, Hindi is spoken in the countries like the US, Mauritius, South Africa, Uganda, Yemen, Singapore, New Zealand, Germany, and Nepal.
- Hindi is one of the seven languages used to make web addresses. Every year there is an increase of 94 percent demand for Hindi content.
- Hindi is taught in 176 universities across the globe.
- Hindi word is derived from the Persian word Hindu which means land of a holy river.
Since Hindi is Rajbhasha and is spoken across the country and outside, it is essential to know the basic written and spoken Hindi. Good command of Hindi can land you a good, high-profile government job. Learning Hindi from the school level will help enhance not only language knowledge but also general knowledge as you can read a newspaper, books, and online content.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi will guide you to clear the subject as well as gain very valuable knowledge. It is always good to read a lot of particular languages because it will strengthen your basics about the language.
Is Hindi a National language?
Hindi is not a national language however; it is an official language of India.
Is Hindi a tough language?
At the school level all languages are taught with the right grammar but in reality, what we speak is a little different so possibly many students can find it difficult.
What are NCERT solutions for class 8 Hindi?
NCERT solutions are well-crafted answers for probable questions on Hindi class 8 chapters. The easy-to-understand language can help students to score more marks.
How many chapters are there in the Hindi class 8 syllabus?
Hindi class 8 syllabus consists of a total of 18 chapters.
Can I get a good job after Hindi graduation?
Yes, many jobs are available for Hindi graduates, some of them in the government sector too.
How can I remember answers properly?
Students can learn the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Hindi along with textbooks to memorize the answers.
Is Hindi spoken in foreign countries?
Since Indians are spread across the world for a job or business one can see many Hindi-speaking personnel outside India.