NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Social Science

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Social Science

The syllabus of Social Science consists of three subjects History, Geography, and Civics. History tells us about the past of our country and other activities in that period. Geography is about the Earth and geographical knowledge of our country including environment, seasons, crops, human life, and a lot more. Studying Social Science will give students, knowledge of a country in the past, its geographical features and characteristics, and the political formation of the country through Civics. Each country has its culture and significance on the map of the world. This all can be studied in Social Science.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is made as per the syllabus and the answers to important questions can be understood better by the students. The language used is for an average student to understand and study. 

History: Our Pasts – II

Chapter-wise summary

Chapter 1 – Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years

In this chapter, the students can learn the topics like new & old terminologies-changes in terms & their meanings, historians & their sources-value of papers, manuscripts & chronicles, archives, new social & political groups-the appearance of new technology, introduction to new crops & beverages, regulation of religions, religion & empire-the pan-regional empire, old & new religions-important religious developments, thinking about time & historical periods. 

Chapter 2 – New Kings and Kingdom

From this chapter, the students can learn the following topics in detail –

  • The emergence of new kingdoms – new dynasties gain power, Rashtrakutas
  • Administration in the kingdom – introduction to revenues and taxes
  • Prashastis and land grants – achievements of Nagabhata, development of irrigation in Tamil Nadu
  • Warfare for wealth – Cholas and their rise, specialties of the Chola temple.
  • Administration of the empire – different categories of land as per the Chola inscriptions, eligibility to become a Sabha member in the Chola empire.

Chapter 3 – The Delhi Sultans

Following important topics are discussed in this chapter – the rules of Delhi, finding out about the Delhi Sultans, expansion of the Delhi Sultanate, administration under the Khiljis and Tughluqs, and the sultanates during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire

This chapter talks about the topics like who were the Mughals, the military campaigns of the Mughal emperors, the relationship between the Mughals & other rulers, mansabdars & jahagirdars, zabt & zamindars, Akbar’s politics, and the Mughal empire in the 17th century and after.

Chapter 5 – Rulers and Buildings

In this chapter, the students will learn about the different rulers of India and their administration. The chapter discusses the temple construction in the early eleventh century, the importance of temples and mosques, the construction of gardens, tombs & forts during the Mughal period, and the development of the new regions & empire.

Chapter 6 – Towns, Traders, and Craftspersons

This chapter talks about a temple town, an administrative center, a commercial town, or a port town. Many towns combined several functions including crafts production. The topics explained are temple towns & pilgrimage centers, the emergence of small towns, small & big traders, craftsmanship n town, the architecture of Hampi, Masulipatnam, and Surat, and a gateway to the west-Surat.

Chapter 7 – Tribes, Nomads, and Settled Communities

In this chapter, the students will know that several social changes took place across different times. However, the changes were not the same everywhere. In the big subcontinent, there was already division based on the Varna. Apart from the major ones, there were other societies that existed. The students will get knowledge about tribal societies, how nomads & mobile people lived, new casts & hierarchies, and the Gonds & the Ahoms.

Chapter 8 – Devotional Paths to the Divine

Devotion or love of God is the inheritance of the Bhakti and Sufi movements that existed in the 8th century. The small groups of people use to worship their Gods and Goddesses before the emergence of large kingdoms. The concepts changed with the development of towns. This chapter will describe the idea of a supreme God, the Nayanars, and the Alvars, Basavanna’s Virashaivam, the saints of Maharashtra, Nathapanthis, Siddhas & Yogis, Islam & Sufism, and new religious development in North India.  

Chapter 9 – The Making of Regional Cultures

Today’s Indian culture has come out of complex processes of intermixing local traditions and ideas. Some traditions are religion-specific while others are similar across regions. However, with the endless traditions, India is a combination of many religions across all regions. From this chapter, the students will understand the Cheras & the development of Malayalam, the Jagannatha Cult, the Rajputs & the tradition of Heroism, the story of Kathak, the tradition of Miniatures, and the growth of a regional language & development of temples in Bengal.

Chapter 10 – Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

The Mughal empires dwindled with the emergence of independent kingdoms in the first half of the century. By the 18th century, the changes in the country were very fast and the political formations were dramatic. The second half saw the spread of British rule across the country. In this chapter, the students can learn about the crisis of the empire & the later Mughals, the emergence of new states, the old Mughal provinces, the Watan Jagirs of the Rajputs, and the independence of Sikhs, Jats, & the Marathas.

Geography: Our Environment

Chapter-wise summary

Chapter 1 – Environment

The environment around us consists of many living and non-living things. There are physical, chemical, and natural forces in the environment. Natural sources are land, water, air, plant, and animals. Human beings modify the environment as per their needs. Students can learn components of the environment-natural, man-made, and human environment (atmosphere & ecosystem).

Chapter 2 – Inside Our Earth

Earth, being a dynamic planet, undergoes changes outside and inside. The Earth’s crust is made up of various types of rocks. The three major types of rocks are igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Minerals occur naturally with definite physical and chemical properties. For students, this chapter brings the knowledge of the interior of the earth-crust, mantle & core, rocks & minerals-sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.

Chapter 3 – Our Changing Earth

The forces cause the division of movements of the Earth. The interior forces are Endogenic and the external forces are Exogenic forces. The landscape is worn out due to two processes viz erosion and weathering. Volcanoes and earthquakes cause mass destruction over the surface of the Earth.

Chapter 4 – Air

Air is a mixture of various gases and it is present all over us. The major contributors of air are nitrogen 78 percent and oxygen 21 percent. The five layers of the atmosphere are Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, and Exosphere. The climate of a place means the weather condition for a longer period at a place. The students will learn everything about air and atmosphere from this chapter.

Chapter 5 – Water

Earth’s 71 percent is covered with water. The water cycle means the continuous changes in the water form which circulates between the atmosphere, oceans, and land. There are many major sources of fresh water like ponds, lakes, springs, and glaciers. This chapter consists of major topics such as the water cycle, distribution of water bodies, ocean circulation, and ocean currents.  

Chapter 6 – Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

The temperature and the moisture decide the growth of vegetation. It also depends on the factors like thickness of soil and slope. The three types of natural vegetation are forests, grasslands, and shrubs. The types of natural vegetation consist of Tropical Evergreen Forests, Tropical Deciduous Forests, Temperate Evergreen Forests, Temperate Deciduous Forests, Meditterean Vegetation, and Coniferous Forests. The grasslands consist of Tropical Grasslands, Temperate Grasslands, and Thorny Bushes. The chapter also details the shrubs.       

Chapter 7 – Human Environment – Settlement, Transport, and Communication

In this chapter, the students will learn that when the people build their homes the places become a settlement. Transport includes the four major means railways, roadways, airways, and waterways. In communication, people convey messages or information through a medium. Mass communication is the communication of the masses through newspapers, radio, or television.

Chapter 8 – Human-Environment Interactions – The Tropical and the Sub-tropical Regions

Environment, settlement, and establishment brought the human societies built up. The first settlement of humans started around the rivers because of water availability. The culture and life of people vary from place to place depending on the community traditions. This chapter gives the students an insight into the life in the Amazon Basin climate, rainforests, and people of the rainforests, life in the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin-vegetation, wildlife, and cities & tourism.

Chapter 9 – Life in the Deserts

The low rainfall areas are categorized as deserts. They experience scanty vegetation and extreme temperatures. A desert is a hot desert or cold desert based on the temperature. Sahara is the largest and hottest desert while Ladakh is a cold desert in the Himalayas. In this chapter, the students will learn all about deserts.

Civics: Social and Political Life – II

Chapter-wise summary

Chapter 1 – On Equality

From this chapter, the students will understand the concept of equality. They will learn about the equal right to vote, other types of equality, recognizing dignity, equality in the Indian democracy, issues of equalities in other democracies, and challenges of democracy.

Chapter 2 – Role of the Government in Health

Government must play a major role in the health sector by developing techniques, hospitals, raising the funds, and a lot more. This chapter speaks about what is health, healthcare in India, public & private healthcare services, public health services, private health facilities, healthcare & equality, solutions, the Kerala experience, and the Costa Rican approach

Chapter 3 – How the State Government Works

This chapter discusses the role of state government and its liabilities. Whether the central government is of the same political party or the opposite, the state government is bound to provide public liability services, also called public services. From this chapter, the students will learn who is an MLA, a debate in the legislative assembly, and the working of the government.

Chapter 4 – Growing Up as Boys and Girls

This chapter discusses the following topics – growing up in Samoa in the 1920s, growing up male in Madhya Pradesh in the 1960s, the lives of domestic workers, and women’s work and equality.

Chapter 5 – Women Change the World

This chapter details the struggles and rights of women. The chapter gives an insight into fewer opportunities & rigid expectations, who does the work, learning for change, schooling & education today, women’s movement, and campaigning.

Chapter 6 – Understanding Media

Media refers to the communication channels through which movies, music, news, promotional messages, and a lot of things reach people. Media plays an important role in setting up an agenda for or against the benefit of people. It is one of the strongest tools that can make or break the government. The students will learn media & technology, media & money, media & democracy, and setting agendas.

Chapter 7 – Markets Around Us

Many aspects of life and commercial cycles are associated with the market.  from this chapter, the students will know about the weekly market, shopping complex, shops in the neighborhood, malls, chains of the market, and equality. This chapter gives knowledge about all types of markets and everything in a market.

Chapter 8 – A Shirt in the Market

This chapter takes a shirt as a representative product and discusses the steps involved in the market process. The examples are described as a cotton farmer in Kurnool, the cloth market of Erode, the garment exporting factory near Delhi, a shirt in the United States, gainers in the market, and market & equality.

Chapter 9 – Struggles for Equality

For ages, people have been struggling for the right to equality. This chapter describes factors why the people are treated unequally and some known struggles for equality like women’s struggle for equality and Tawa Matsya Sangh. The students will also learn the Indian Constitution as a living document.

Scope for Social Science

The graduates in Social Science can get an appropriate job based on their choice of sector. Each student desire to be a doctor or an engineer but the hurdle of talent stops many students because they are not capable to score the highest grades. Each student has a different level of knowledge and understanding and based on that they choose their career. Students who are interested in other fields can choose Social Science for graduation. There are many jobs in many sectors which can be grabbed provided students get good graduation with the help of studying NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science.

Here are the top jobs in different segments which can be opted for by the Social Science graduates –

  • Economist
  • Political Scientist
  • Historian
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
  • Psychologist
  • Survey Researcher
  • Sociologist
  • Geographer
  • Urban and Regional Planner
  • Anthropologist and Archaeologist

Sources for NCERT Solutions

  • The solutions can be avail of in PDF format from the official website of NCERT.
  • The schools can also arrange the NCERT solutions for students.
  • May other educational websites can be referred to prepare the notes.
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science can be ordered online from an e-commerce website.
  • Students can purchase them from nearby bookstores.

Importance of Social Science

Social Science is a very informative subject as its categories of History, Geography, and Civics teach students about the country’s rich culture, rituals, diversity, and integrity. While the past is learned through History, constitutional India can be learned via Civics. Geography tells the students about various things about The Earth, nature & wildlife, the lifecycles of humans and animals, the environment, and a lot of other things.

Social Science not only grows the general knowledge of the students but also makes them understand their country correctly. Social Science makes the students aware of the making of different laws and regulations, political science, general awareness, and establishments in the country. With NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, students can learn how to answer the questions in the exam correctly, what should include, and what can be omitted.


Students can study the most accurate answers while studying NCERT solutions along with the textbooks. The study material is explained in flowing language and detail. Students can also get tips about how to remember long answers via shortcuts. These NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science are drafted nicely by experienced professionals with years of academic practice. Students can hope to achieve good marks by studying textbooks and NCERT solutions in tandem.

Robin Singh

Robin Singh is education professional tutor of NCERT. I have good knowledge of CBSE all subjects. Expert in maths, physics and chemistry. if students have any doubt about NCERT Solutions so contact us

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