Sanskrit is a very old and ancient language from south Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. Sanskrit evolved as a language after its predecessor languages had diffused in the late Bronze Age. Sanskrit is a very rich language of classical Hindu philosophy and historic texts of Buddhism and Jainism.
Sanskrit is a rich combination of several Indo-Aryan language varieties, the most archaic being Vedic Sanskrit found in the Riga Veda. It is a link language between ancient and medieval South Asia and became the language of rich culture and religion when the cultures of Hinduism and Buddhism were transmitted to Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Central Asia in the early medieval era.
NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Sanskrit Chapter-Wise Summary
Here we will study the importance of the following chapters with NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Sanskrit and try to understand the various matters stated in each of them.
There are two textbooks with different chapters to be studied which we will go through one by one. The chapters are arranged to make the student aware of the language and the value of the richness of word prowess and the range of availability of sentence formation.
Chapter 1 – शुचिपर्यावरणम्:
This chapter states the worry of the modern Sanskrit poet Haridutt Sharma, about the air pollution due to various industries. He says this ironic cycle is unhealthy for both mind and body because it contaminates the environment. He desires to stay away from the pollution and in the natural beauty of lakes, trees, forests, and singing birds.
Chapter 2 – बुद्धिबलवती सदा:
This chapter explains the brilliance and presence of mind of a lady traveling to her father’s house with her two children. She bravely shoves off the tiger with her creative mind and the story underlines the importance of intelligence over physical power.
Chapter 3 – व्यायामः सर्वदा पथ्य:
This chapter is about the exercises and their benefits for a common person. It has been taken from the 24th lesson of “Sushrutsanhita”. It states the advantages of exercises like fitness, energy, patience, health, and freshness.
Chapter 4 – शिशुलालनम्:
This lesson is taken from “Kundmala” and in these excerpts of drama, Luv and Kush respectfully deny to sit on ‘simhasan’ as wished by Lord Rama. Lord Rama puts both on his lap as he is very much attracted by their innocence and beauty. It talks about the love for children in a very attractive way.
Chapter 5- जननी तुल्यवत्सला:
Taken from Maharshi Vyas’s Mahabharata, this part explains the equal feeling among the animals and it underlines that even a weak animal can exhibit the same love from its mother as stronger animals. This feeling is elaborated with various examples like the farmer and his bulls. It majorly indicates that any mother has strength in her love for her child.
Chapter 6 – सुभाषतानि:
This is a chapter made from a collation of phrases from different works of literatures. ‘Subhashit’ as it is called is an arrangement of words and sentences for people to understand very crucial facts of life and include most feelings and their impact on human life.
Chapter 7 – सौहार्दं प्रक्रृते – शोभा:
Here you will learn about interpersonal hate and love relationship between people. As people grew proud of their culture the distance between the two cultures increased and this chapter insists on making the people on the same level and respecting each other as a human being more than their religion.
Chapter 8 – विचित्रः साक्षी:
This chapter is a summary of the story by Mr. Omprakash Thakur. The story is based on how Bankimchandra Chatterji, being a judge concluded a case without any witness by sheer intelligence and made the right person win. This story also narrates a similar judge making a decision.
Chapter 9 – सूक्तय:
This is taken from Tamil literature ‘Thirukkural’ which is known as the Veda of Tamil. This chapter states the truths required for a simple human life. This chapter is structured around the roles of religion, work, and money in a person’s life. The language is simple but flowing.
Chapter 10 – भूकम्पविभीषिका:
This chapter is based on the horrible consequences due to natural calamities mainly earthquakes, cyclones, floods, rains, volcanoes, etc. It gives tips on how to face these calamities bravely and the things we need to have as a precaution.
Chapter 11 – प्राणेभ्योपि प्रियः सुह्रद्:
This is an excerpt from the famous drama ‘Mudrarakshasam’. This underlines the importance of friendship and the etiquette to be followed while upholding loyalty. Despite a fear of the death penalty, Chandandas does not reveal the secret of his friend and faces the situation bravely.
Chapter 12 – अन्योक्तय:
This chapter states the way to praise or criticize through another person or medium. This makes the praise or criticism quickly and promptly understood and remains in the frame of mind for longer. It is one of the ways to effectively state about a person or thing or incidence.
Chapter 1 – अपठितावबोधनम्:
This chapter on grammar part makes us understand the importance of reading. The more you read the better you understand. The exercise of reading a paragraph and answering the questions makes our knowledge broaden.
Chapter 2 – पत्रलेखनम्:
We write many things in our life and writing professionally helps us survive in corporate life. This chapter describes how various types of letters including personal and professional are to be written to make the right impact.
Chapter 3 – अनुच्छेदलेखमन्:
This chapter can guide you to write a paragraph on the given subject. This can enhance your power of imagination and word prowess to establish yourself as a writer. You can also develop your thinking range as you would like to write on different subjects.
Chapter 4 – चित्रवर्णनम्:
You can develop the skill of reading a picture and putting the subject in the words. This chapter gives you a good exercise of mind as you need to explain what you read from the given picture. This can polish your analytical skills if you have some.
Chapter 5 – रचनानुवादः (वाक्यरचनाकौशल्यम्):
This chapter will let you express the situation or incident in your words and will help develop your treasure of words. You have to read more to increase your word power and solving crosswords can be a better option.
Chapter 6 – सन्धिः
This chapter explains the conjunction of two words for the benefit of conversation and writing. This is similar to English words like and, with, to, for, etc. The small changes make the sentence complete and meaningful as every language has its changes. ‘Sandhi’ is to combine two words or two sentences with proper meaning and completion.
Chapter 7 – समासाः
This chapter properly explains about kinds of ‘samasa’ in Sanskrit which are ‘dwandwa’, ‘avyayibhav’, and ‘tatpurush’. The chapter details all these three compounds and students can learn the exact way of expressions.
Chapter 8 – प्रत्ययाः
This chapter explains the words formed from the combination of two words. The words may become altogether different than they are individual. Sometimes we come across a word made from two words and when we solve the composition we get different words thus Sanskrit explores a wide opportunity to create new meaningful words.
Chapter 9 – अव्ययानि:
This chapter lets students understand the words of Sanskrit which does not change their form and still improvises sentence formation. These words do not change forms relevant to sex, statement, or reason. The chapter will add to your knowledge of the strength of words in the Sanskrit language.
Chapter 10 – समयः
This chapter explains the role of time in our life. It details various types of time management and how to calculate the time required for a specific job to be completed. There are a lot of examples by learning which you can ascertain full marks for you.
Chapter 11 – वाच्यम्:
This chapter explains the arrangement of the sentence in a different voice without changing its meaning like the active and passive voice in English. The chapter illustrates a lot of examples that make the concept clear in students’ minds.
Chapter 12 – अशुद्धिसंशोधना:
This chapter is all about the corrections in the sentences. You may find one or more words wrong in the sentences and you need to identify them and correct them. This exercise makes your basic grammar very strong because of the clarity of choice and arrangements of words to form a sentence.
Chapter 13 – मिश्रिताभ्यासः
This chapter is a mix of all the forms we learned till now and it is so arranged to make the student familiar with the type of question paper to expect. The mixed questions will also help a student to think openly and accept the question pattern quickly.
Scope and Benefits: –
We are behind in learning Sanskrit both as a language and a philosophy. We were kept adrift of such an important and vast language for ages but at least now the doors are opening slowly. The literature and shlokas in Sanskrit are worth reciting not only in terms of knowledge but in daily life.
Sanskrit is a very rich culture but somehow (maybe because of the complexity of language and difficulty in pronouncing the words) reeled off our lives slowly as the translated versions were available in ancient languages thereafter. The re-introduction of it in the syllabus now opens many doors to get a career.
It is amazing that Sanskrit is the language of the future as it is found to be most suited for computers. Through various seminars arranged over places, it is evolving to be a prominent language that every field can adapt and make improvisations.
It also will give a student various job opportunities like –
- Sanskrit teacher
- Consultant (Sanskrit Proof Reading)
- Sales Coordinator (with Sanskrit)
- Customer Service Associate
- Online Trans scripter
- Content writer – Editor (Sanskrit)
- Sanskrit translator
- Interpreter (consecutive, general, and liaison interpreter)
By learning Sanskrit one can also specialize in vast treasure subjects like yoga, Vastu Shastra, Indian drama, Ayurveda, poetics, Vedic studies, and astrology. There is a huge scope of research with a lot of earning opportunities.
The post-graduation in Sanskrit can bring you opportunities with a good salary and one can also become a home tutor too.
The biggest advantage of Sanskrit is it allows the person a job in different kinds of fields just by studying a single language as Sanskrit is a treasure of literature, philosophy, sociology, science, and many more subjects that need a country to grow. Thus Sanskrit is a base language that can grow a person and a country well if applied properly.
Is Sanskrit difficult? Why do students fail to score?
The common problem of understanding –
It is a common understanding that what we hear and speak in childhood becomes our familiar mode of communication. Sanskrit or any language is never a difficult one but the difference is only the consistency. We can learn any language at any age but to be master in it needs a different approach. Just learning a language is one thing and the desire to be an expert in it is another.
Uses of Sanskrit –
If a student wants to study Sanskrit, dedication, application, and practice are the things he needs to do. To remember and recite anything one needs to do it repeatedly and the same can be applied while learning Sanskrit. The words are complex and some are more than that so practice is the main key to being a master of language.
Failure in scoring –
This is the main hurdle between students and success in Sanskrit as most students do not have patience and consistency in the learning process and at some stage, they lose interest because they start to think it is a very difficult language to learn. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Sanskrit can make your effort much easier to understand the language better.
Importance of Sanskrit language: –
Quotes of Sanskrit –
Since Sanskrit is an ancient language and a grand combination of philosophy, literature, and science students can not only enjoy studying this language but can also build their careers around the education of Sanskrit. It is proven to be the most suited language for computers now and is considered to be the language of the future.
Lack of information about Sanskrit –
In ancient Sanskrit Vedas, one can find everything needed for today as the interpretation was so visionary that today’s science was envisioned by them at that time. Right from the shape of the earth to the principles of living, one can find all that can help sustain a person in today’s competitive world.
Values and variables of the language –
It not only speaks about simple living and high thinking but it also elaborates on where you can peace of mind and what you need to do to get it. Sanskrit interpretations cannot be explained on paper but can be learned to know them. A popular ‘grantha’ “Bhagwad Geeta” was translated from Sanskrit to Marathi for all to understand means that the people had gradually started moving away from this language in the post-medieval era and that made this language unreachable and complex.
Is Sanskrit relevant to today’s life?
The relation with life –
While you study Sanskrit in school you will understand that it is near to your life more than anything else. Sanskrit is not only relevant to today’s life but it is an eternal language suitable for whatever era in the future too. This is because the interpretations in it are based on human life, animals, birds, the environment, and other such things relevant to our daily life.
Vast coverage of subjects from ancient times –
It is now coming to the knowledge that many experiments and discoveries done today all over the world are already written in Vedas in Sanskrit long back. The insistence of foreign countries like Poland on the inclusion of Sanskrit in their educational system is a clear indication of the awareness of the importance of language.
It is our own culture –
We, being Indians, must not stay behind since it is our culture and language that others realized is important. It will be ridiculous if we are neglecting such a rich tradition that kept us surviving for so long.
Why Sanskrit is a backseat language today?
Status of Sanskrit post invasions –
Though painful, it is a fact that we are not much serious about such eloquent language which can make us a world leader. While the US and many other countries want to know more about Sanskrit, it is agony that it is a backseat language in our own country. But things are improving with NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Sanskrit can make you learn it easily and in detail.
Major reasons the language declined –
The reasons for Sanskrit to go backseat are puzzling and our own. It is surprising that a language with 3500 years of history can get so much shrunk that it almost was forgotten. Vedas and Upnishadas are the foundations of the Hindu, Buddha, and Jain cultures, and having lost track of such stupendous cultural language is very painful.
Political impact on language –
The major political changes from Sultanate to British rule are responsible for this as right from the invasions of the Mughals to British; the language was on the decline not only in importance but also in usage in daily life. It further lost its existence once the English education system was implemented but thankfully out of three language structure proposals, southern parts of India chose Sanskrit as the third language.
Thus the decline in northern states was prominent and gradually Sanskrit vanished from India except in some parts of south India.
How can one improve learning in Sanskrit?
Initiate and own –
Having a great opportunity in the education field of Sanskrit and huge possibilities of a good job are again raising the hopes in people’s minds. The re-introduction of Sanskrit in mainstream education will have a good impact on the future of youth as they will realize the facts about India being so ahead of the world for years now.
Learn excessively and exclusively –
To improve Sanskrit learning students must dedicate a specific time of the day and like done in the early years the morning, evening, and nighttime prayers can be recited by the whole family again. This will make the basics of students stronger in understanding the language better. Elder people in our house still have a connection with the language through the daily prayers and learning them by heart can strengthen one’s pronunciations.
We need to go back to our roots which were already so strong but the mid-time diversion was so long that generations after generations were kept far from learning it for the sake of English. It was also due to uncertainty over a career that many people opt to keep Sanskrit aside and learned English to get job security.
Thankfully we, here at NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Sanskrit can take pride that many students are opting back to our original language Sanskrit. We have a great future with Sanskrit as it can encompass all types of knowledge like maths, Vedas, Vastu, astrology, aviation, and a lot more. Most theorems and mathematical equations relevant to science have answers in Sanskrit plus the philosophy of living so the language is laced with a complete package of human living.
Why Sanskrit is not popular?
The ancient language was kept aside for the want of English and previous to that because of Mughal invasions. Thus it became an unpopular language.
How old is the Sanskrit language?
Based on the available documents and scripts from the old era, Sanskrit is as old as 3500 years.
What does Sanskrit consist of?
Sanskrit is a multi-subject language and the scholars of the subjects can tell you the vast range of the subjects it covers from philosophy to science and every statement is accompanied by proof or example.
How can Sanskrit help in the future?
Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computers and the notions and the statements in it are near the perfection. It has science as a base and a lot of discoveries are already present in Sanskrit. So using the language in the right terms can surely help improve life in the future.
What are career opportunities in Sanskrit?
One can get a lot of relevant jobs in different sectors and if nothing else one can easily be a home tutor. The fields Sanskrit can help are construction, astrology, geography, social science, and polity.
Can I do post-graduation in Sanskrit and what is the scope?
A post-graduate in Sanskrit can get a job of equivalent salary to a fresh engineer. The utilization scope in science and technology will open new gates in the field of research and technology.